Tambopata National Reserve and Bahuaja-Sonene National Park border one another in the southern Peruvian Amazon region. The area contains high levels of biodiversity and beautiful natural landscapes. The two protected areas were initially declared as a reserved zone in the early 1990s. Subsequently, after a drawn-out consultation process and negotiations with stakeholders, two definitive areas were set aside as a national park and reserve.
The Tambopata River watershed is one of the world's richest ecosystems in terms of biodiversity. The area features a major diversity of plant life, including forest species of economic importance such as cedar (Cedrela odorata) and mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), and palm trees such as the pona (Iriartea ventricosa) and aguaje (Mauritia flexuosa) among others. The area is home to large numbers of giant river otters (Pteronura brasiliensis), an endangered species, as well as vulnerable species such as the anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), the giant armadillo (Priodontes maximus), black spider monkey (Ateles paniscus), the jaguar (Panthera onca), pink river dolphin (Ajaija ajaja), the yellow-headed river turtle (Podocnemis unifilis) and the anaconda (Eunectes murinus) among others.
ParksWatch - Peru classifies Tambopata National Reserve and Bahuaja-Sonene National Park as vulnerable due to a variety of threats. The most pressing problems are agriculture and land conversion, gold mining, illegal logging, excessive extraction of other natural resources (wild game, fish, fruit and palm fronds, among others), paving of the Cuzco-Puerto Maldonado road, and increased migration to the region.