A detailed diagnostic of Pui Pui is urgently needed. The number of inhabitants within the surrounding communities, their legal status, as well as the types of municipal services they enjoy, must be determined. The exact entrance place used by local residents to access the protected area should be identified and the type of use, either extraction, grazing, occupation, should be determined. In addition, inventories and studies on the protected area’s flora and fauna are needed. We recommend visiting the eastern side of the protected area in order to understand its situation. Because of difficult access, we recommend a fly over in order to have a better idea of the protected area’s general panorama.
Because increased immigration to the region is likely, we recommend forming an immigration prevention and control program. Authorities from towns and communities around the protected area should restrict immigration. Immigrant colonists looking for land should be rejected without considering whether they are strangers or not, or relatives of existing inhabitants. Mechanisms and allies for implementing this type of program should be sought and coordinated. Support should also be sought from the regional administration or the Public Ministry so that these institutions will adopt the initiative and promote it on a regional level.
Local governmental authorities and institutions should implement land use planning and zoning in the protected area’s surrounding region. They should start by establishing a buffer zone to promote sustainable development in the region directly surrounding the protected area in order to diminish future direct pressures. If agriculture, cattle ranching, resource extraction, and human settlements are regulated in the protected forest’s surrounding areas, it will be possible to better monitor and control the protected area so that it will not suffer from impacts related to unregulated or unsustainable activities.
There should be control over new agricultural settlements in the region and established farmers should be encouraged to adopt non-traditional development activities like apiculture, ornamental plants, tourism, and agroforestry activities, among others. Actual land use should correspond to its scientifically determined land use capacity, that is, if the land is appropriate for agriculture, or protection, or forestry management, then it should be used accordingly.
An environmental education campaign should be designed and implemented in the local communities as soon as possible. The program should promote general knowledge of the protected area, and include information on benefits for the region and country, its potential and opportunities, its problems, and related development alternatives, among others. The environmental education program should also promote information exchange between different stakeholders and establish local agreements to conserve and develop Pui Pui Protected Forest.
Long-term effective protection of Pui Pui Protected Forest resources depends on two things. First, on the control and management of forestry resources by the Technical Administration of Forestry and Wildlife Control in the protected area’s zone of influence and second, on the Natural Protected Areas Agency’s implementation of monitoring and control of the protected area.
In relation to the mining activities in the protected area’s zone of influence, both INRENA and the Ministry of Energy and Mines should supervise the mining operation’s compliance with the environmental laws and environmental management programs (PAMA) to stop contamination and carry out remediation actions to clean up existing contamination.
Management tools must be urgently created for this protected area. First, joint efforts are needed to secure financing for the protected area and a director is needed to conduct initial planning and general management. Pui Pui Protected Forest needs a Master Plan and corresponding programs such as tourism, infrastructure, vigilance and control, etc. The protected area’s borders must be finalized and physical demarcation completed to clearly identify Pui Pui Protected Forest’s actual borders. Vigilance infrastructure should be built, like watchtowers and control posts.
Before the protected area is implemented fully and while financing is being sought, sporadic vigilance and control actions are needed. Field visits, patrols, and presence within the communities and critical zones are needed. A volunteer park guard force should be formed in several key communities. Because of INRENA operative limitations, coordination with local municipalities, rural communities, and grassroots organizations is needed so that all help care for and control the protected area and its influence zones.