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Geographic isolation and difficult access have guaranteed Pui Pui Protected Forest’s conservation thus far. It is not currently threatened. This could easily change if surrounding agricultural activities and immigration continue. The situation is partially complicated by the fact that it does not have a buffer zone, budget, or administration responsible for its management.


There is intense immigration from the Andes to the region. People are searching for new lands to colonize and farm. They search in high altitudes for unoccupied, virgin forested lands that they then deforest and claim. A large immigrant population threatens the natural protected area’s integrity and future. People search for new land and settle in virgin forest. This situation will get worse because of the lack of migratory control policies and insufficient and inefficient participation of state institutions involved in natural resource management and protection.


One current threat is increased timber extraction to construct fruit packing boxes. General lack of knowledge about the protected area inhibits public support favoring its conservation.


A detailed diagnostic addressing Pui Pui’s social and environmental situation is needed. Because increased immigration to the region is likely, we recommend forming an immigration prevention and control program. Local governmental authorities and institutions should implement land use planning and zoning in the protected area’s surrounding region. An environmental education campaign should be designed and implemented in the local communities. Management tools must be urgently created for this protected area and joint efforts to secure financing are needed. Before the protected area is implemented fully and while financing is being sought, sporadic patrols and other control actions are needed.


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