The majority of the park’s topography is mountainous, since the Amotapes Mountain Range makes up most of its territory. The protected area is in a transitional climatic zone, between Peruvian coastal desert and Ecuadorian sub humid tropics. It is hot and dry, cooling as altitude increases. The protected area’s principal goal is to conserve representative samples of the biological diversity found within the equatorial dry forest and the Pacific coast tropical forest ecoregions.
The park has several distinct life zones. Overall, the area is a key component to the biological corridor that guarantees conservation of Peru’s extreme northern natural environments. Scientists have registered 404 floral species in park’s the five habitats, that range from humid to dry. The fauna is varied; there are species from the Peruvian coastal desert, the Pacific tropical forest, and the Andean Range. The park does not have high rates of biodiversity; rather it has a large number of endemic species. Species found in no other area of Peru include the Crocodylus acutus and Lutra longicaudis, both of which are endangered.
Principal threats to Cerros de Amotape National Park include grazing animals, timber extraction, charcoal production, overharvesting of non-timber forest products, overhunting, contamination, fishing with chemicals, and exotic species. These problems are intensified by lack of security and interinstitutional coordination. Because the park’s ecosystems are fragile and activities impacting the area are systematically implemented, we determined that the area is threatened.