Serra Geral National Park--PNSG--is located in southern Brazil on the eastern state line, between the states of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul. It is on the edge of the southern Brazilian plateau, in the midst of mountainous terrain over 1,000 meters tall. This area is known as Aparados da Serra Geral.
Serra Geral is made up of two sections that total approximately 17,300 ha--one section is 15,000 ha and the other is approximately 2,300 ha. Both areas are adjacent to the Aparados da Serra National Park--PNAS--with both parks under central management.
Shape of Serra Geral National Park and its border with the Aparados da Serra National Park
The park was created to meet the recommendations of the PNAS management plan with regard to the need for park enlargement. Thus, in 1992 PNSG was created with the goal of protecting a representative sample of the flora, fauna, landscapes, and other unique biotic and abiotic resources of the Aparados da Serra Geral region.
The PNSG is located entirely in the Atlantic Forest biome, in the Araucaria Moist Forests ecoregion.
The park shelters three vegetation groups: coastal forests of Atlantic influence (Atlantic Forest), Araucaria forests, and Grassland formations. It is composed of two different geomorphologic units: plateaus and hillsides on plateau edges. The combination of these two geomorphologic classifications and the varying vegetation creates an environmental heterogeneity and rich biodiversity.
Serra Geral National Park is considered threatened, which means that there is a very high risk that the protected area will fail to protect biological diversity and natural ecological processes. Specific and immediate actions are necessary to ensure the accomplishment of its conservation goals.
Serra Geral National Park's main obstacle is the lack of an effective land titling process (involving a permanent human presence) and the lack of a management plan with proper technical foundation for staff and management actions.