Human occupation/ lack of land regularization
Concerning fishing activities, most of all in Lagoa do Peixe, IBAMA must honor its commitment and only allow fishing in exceptional cases. Nevertheless, it should fulfill the management plan, which calls for the steady reduction of fishing until it's eliminated within 5 years at most. In this way, IBAMA must enforce the law and drive back any illicit fishing activity in the park. That is, during and after the steady decrease of fishing, inspection must be reinforced, mostly during Brazilian pink shrimp's fishing season, to prevent unauthorized extractions.
Concerning rural producers, apart from evicting current dwellers and returning the land back to its natural state, IBAMA should immediately impose restrictions on new land conversions. It ought to enforce environmental legislation since alteration of restinga areas is forbidden according to the Brazilian Forest Law. First, IBAMA must develop rules for using electrical fences based on technical standards. IBAMA must evaluate and register all fences to determine if they meet the standards or not. If the fence does not meet the standard, it should be removed or altered to meet the standards. If in certain areas fences not meeting standards may be allowed if they keep cattle out of more pristine, natural areas. In these situations, park administrators must ensure that the fences will not harm visitors or local species. Once IBAMA has purchased the land and the previous settlers and owners have been evicted from the park, all the fences must be removed.
Biological contamination (Pinus spp. tree plantations)
The administration should promptly establish a plan of action to terminate all and every spontaneous regeneration of Pinus spp. that are not found within the established plantations. To achieve termination, basic measures could start this process of biological decontamination and awareness. First, the whole team of the park should be urged to monitor the colonization of Pinus spp. aiming at the generation of data on the most important places to intervene. Besides, as part of routine, the employees should immediately terminate every new tree that could be destroyed without the use of equipment like chainsaws. In the more critical areas, where there already is occupation of a great number of colonizing invasive species, group efforts should be realized with the goal of totally cleaning certain spots. For those, IBAMA should mobilize a task-force which would count on voluntary actions of any segment of society that would be willing to help. Good examples are local NGOs, State universities, city halls and even forestry companies themselves, that are normally responsible for contamination.
Regarding the responsibility over biological contamination, IBAMA should work with forestry companies to get their commitment to help remove the invasive trees from natural areas. That would be a demonstration of good will in solving the situation and recognizing their own environmental responsibility concerning such matter. Since such enterprises must worry about "environmental friendly" certification and good image of their products to be able to act in some markets, there are good chances of agreement between the parts. Furthermore, such companies have a group of workers used to handling field situations that, under IBAMA's coordination, may be a great asset in the "decontamination" process.
Such very same forestry companies might be interested in exploiting the already grown Pinus from the plots that are inside the park. They should be removed as soon as possible minding, nonetheless, to the assistance for the regeneration of restinga in these areas. A detailed environmental restoration program in Pinus spp. planting areas should be established and carried out under high priority.
Other biological contaminations
The administration of the park should conduct a campaign for domestic cats and dogs sterilization inside the park's area, hence controlling their population. In the agricultural sector, IBAMA should advise the owners who are currently within the park and also the ones next to it, not to allow them to introduce exotic grasses as grazing developing technique. The use of such species, most of all a few African ones like Brachiaria spp. and Eragrostis plana grasses, may present great spontaneous colonization threat to new areas, destroying the local vegetated communities just as what has been happening to other regions.
The management plan concerning the establishment of visitors care center infrastructure should be implemented.
IBAMA should inspect the existence of environmental license to agricultural dams, mostly the ones used to control the water flow in rice crops. Besides inspecting what already exists, it should also prevent further authorizations for new undertakings that would come to interfere with the hydrologic system of the park, in a context of buffer zone control.